When you cough, your upper body moves, which in return moves your back. During coughing, your shoulders hunch up, and your body leans forward. The change in body position from coughing might sometimes cause back pain. The pain can also spread into your hips and legs.

Causes of lower back pain when coughing

Sometimes the back pain can be caused by chronic coughing. This is because it puts extra strain on the back and makes it contract abnormally. However, when the coughing is not chronic, then the pain is due to an issue with your back. There are many causes of lower back pain, such as:

  • Muscle strain: In the back, the muscle or tendon can get twisted, pulled or torn.
  • Muscle sprain: The ligaments that connect bones at a joint can be a victim of a sprain. A sprain can stretch or tear ligaments.
  • Muscle spasm: When a muscle is unable to relax after contracting, it results in spasm and cramps. The spams can last from seconds to several minutes.

How to prevent lower back pain when coughing 

To prevent lower back pain when coughing, try to keep your back in a natural arch, instead of hunching forward. Another good way to relax your back during a cough is by keeping your shoulders down. Placing your hands down on a surface like a table while coughing can also help your back not to compress.

How to prevent back pain

Here are some tips that can help you avoid back pain.

  • Replace your mattress: If your mattress is over 5 to 7 years, maybe it is time to replace it with a new one.
  • Use support while sitting: When you sit, keep your back against your chair.
  • Exercise: Try adding a little bit of exercise and stretching to your daily routine.

If you feel like having an issue with your back, visit San Ramon Urgent Care & Clinic for a checkup.

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